What, precisely, did the activities involve which we now consider typical of the rise of national thought and interest? "Cultural nationalism" comprises a number of activities and initiatives, in a variety of cultural and social fields, and ranges from the revival of traditional sports to language purism, from the editing of medieval texts to the commemorative celebration of national hero-figures and wreath-laying at national monuments.
The list below gives an idea of the variety and diversity of manifestations of cultural nationalism, encompassing both artistic production and knowledge production – these being the most prominent forms of cultural production.
These practices took place in the enabling climate of modernity which provided a top-down ambience here called "Institutional", organized by authorities (state, municipal, ecclesiastical or otherwise), and a bottom-up, self-organizing ambience of sociability and associational life. They are given the rubric indices I and S, respectively:
Within that societal framework, the cultural practices itemized below covered the fields of language as a communicative medium; texts and discourse as a communicative platform; material culture (artefacts) and immaterial, performative culture. These cultural fields could be made the object of national cultivation processes in various degrees of outreach intensity: from  passive-receptive inventorization to  innovative productive practices to  their usage in actual political proclamations, propaganda and mobilization. Thus:
"D1" Discursive/literary retrieval and inventorization: -- editions of olderliterary, legal and historical texts and documents;
"D2" Discursive/literary cultivation and activism : -- translation of the Bible and of world classics into the vernacular; national history-writing; national/historical dramas, poems and novels;
"D3" Discursive/literary propagation and assertion in the public sphere: -- history education, historical pageants, commemorations;
"A1" Artefacts retrieved and inventorizated: -- classing of monumental and archeological remains, and of symbolically or historically invested sites;
"A2" Artefacts cultivated or perpetuated: -- monument protection ("Denkmalschutz"), restoration, public collections in museums;
"A3" Artefacts inspiring propagation of identity in the public sphere: -- erection of monuments, dedications/naming of public space; historicist architecture; traditionalist or historicist decorative arts/design;
"P1" Performances retrieved and inventorized: -- collections/editions of oral literature, of proverbs, superstitions; folklore studies of manners and customs, pastimes; folk dances; folk music;
"P2" Performances cultivated and perpetuated: -- literature written in rustic-demotic mode; revivals of traditional sports/pastimes; composition of national music;
"P3" Performances propagated in the public sphere: -- revived and invented traditions, cultural, folkloristic and sporting events/festivals.
Mapping the cultural media (Language, Discourse, Artefact, Performance) against degrees of outreach (1, 2, 3) renders a matrix.